Pending entry into force, only the Agreement between the Union and Japan shall be applied provisionally. Method of horizontal negotiations: changes with 41 countries and a regional organisation of eight Member States representing 670 other bilateral agreements. The latter has the advantages of simplicity and efficiency in terms of cost and time. – negotiate individual «horizontal» agreements, with the Commission acting on behalf of eu Member States. Any «horizontal» agreement aims to amend the relevant provisions of all existing bilateral AAs in a single negotiation with a third country. Regulation (EC) No 847/2004 on the negotiation and implementation of air agreements between Member States and third countries This work aims to remove legal uncertainty and ensure the continuity of bilateral SAAs and the development of international air services. The alignment of existing bilateral agreements with EU law is also important for the third countries concerned and for the entire air transport sector, including airlines, users, etc. Therefore, this objective must be achieved effectively and within a reasonable period of time. The European Commission is responsible for negotiating a comprehensive air transport agreement with Oman The Council of the EU adopted on 20 December the proposal for the EU`s external aviation policy. The Council decision is seen as a guide for a possible EU law on external aviation policy, which will be proposed by the Commission. In particular, the Council decided on the Commission Decision approving the standard clauses for inclusion in bilateral air services agreements between Member States and third countries, which were adopted jointly by the Commission and the Member States on 25 Horizontal air agreements signed on 6 June 2020 allow each European airline to travel to the Republic of Korea from each of the 22 Member States that have concluded a bilateral air services agreement with the country.
Since such bilateral air services agreements have traditionally provided that only airlines owned and controlled by a Member State or its nationals may operate between that Member State and a third country, the conclusion of the horizontal agreement is beneficial for air carriers of both parties. . . .